Author/s: Hazel Emslie, F Colin Wilson, Vivian Burden, Ian Nimmo-Smith and Barbara A Wilson
Publication year: 2003
Age Range: 7 years to 16 years
Administration: Individual – 35 to 45 minutes
Norms: 259 controls, 8 age groups, 3 ability bands, aged scaled scores and percentile ranks
Assist in early identification of deficits in executive functioning in children
The authors of the BADS-C have extended the original normative sample scores by testing 22 children (9 girls and 13 boys) aged from 7 years to 7 years 11 months. The normative data is now included in the BADS-C.
The Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS) has been adapted for children (BADS-C) to examine a number of aspects of the dysexecutive syndrome (DES) such as:
- inflexibility and perseveration
- novel problem solving
- the ability to utilise feedback and moderate one’s behaviour accordingly.
Deficits in executive functioning are well documented in children and adolescents with neuro-developmental disorders such as Attention Deficit (AD), Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD) and those with traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Recently there has been a rapid increase in the number of children diagnosed as suffering from developmental disorders associated with impaired executive function and self-regulation.
Many children with poor executive skills go on to experience:
- weak social relationships
- problems with communication skills
- behavioural and learning difficulties
- low self esteem.
Early identification of DES is crucial as the effects are likely to become more marked with age as children have to cope with greater complexity in their life.
Why do we need a new test of executive function?
Most traditional tests for children are insensitive to executive dysfunction. Accurate and reliable identification has been hampered by the lack of developmentally sensitive assessment tools.
Five of the tests from BADS have been adapted to produce a test with standardised ‘child friendly’ administration and standardised scoring procedures with comprehensive norms.
How many children with ADHD and pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) were involved in the initial standardisation of the BADS-C?
A total of 114 children who presented with a variety of developmental and neurological disorders, all independently diagnosed by hospital consultants were given the BADS-C.
Of these 38 had ADHD and 13 had PDD. See table below for make-up of clinical population.
Includes manual (including new downwards extension), 25 scoring sheets, stimulus cards, three-dimensional plastic materials, timer, 25 DEX-C independent rater questionnaires, beads, nuts, bolts and washers in a bag