Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent-Restructured Form™ (MMPI-A-RF®)

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent-Restructured Form™ (MMPI-A-RF®)

Key Information

Author:

Robert P. Archer, PhD, Richard W. Handel, PhD, Yossef S. Ben-Porath, PhD, Auke Tellegen, PhD

Age Range:

14 – 18

Administration:

Web-based (Q-global), Computer-based (Q Local), paper and pencil

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent-Restructured Form™ (MMPI-A-RF®)

Descriptions:

The MMPI-A-RF is the most up-to-date, empirically based personality assessment for use with adolescents. The test mirrors the structure of the MMPI-2-RF, the most recent version for use with adults, and includes several adolescent-specific scales.  The MMPI-A-RF is composed of 241 items, is linked to current models of psychopathology and personality, and features 48 empirically validated scales relevant for use with adolescents in a variety of clinical, forensic, and school settings.

The MMPI-A-RF provides a valuable alternative to the MMPI-A test. The MMPI-A test continues to be published and fully supported by the University of Minnesota Press and distributed exclusively by Pearson.

How to use this test

The MMPI-A-RF provides relevant information to aid clinicians in problem identification, diagnosis, and treatment planning for adolescents’ ages 14 to 18. Clinical, school, and counseling psychologists can use this self-report inventory to support:

  • Diagnosis and treatment planning in a variety of settings.
  • Early identification of potential problems and possible root causes.
  • Information sharing with parents, teachers, and others in the adolescent’s support network.
  • Decision making for appropriate referrals.

 

 

Key Features

  • Psychometrically up-to-date and linked to current models of psychopathology. The test manual provides comprehensive documentation on the development of this contemporary broadband assessment – including empirical correlates of the scales in a variety of settings.
  • Comparison Groups. Data are reported in the test manual, and can be accessed in the reports for an additional level of interpretation that allows the comparison of individual test results with relevant reference groups.
  • Customizable reporting. Innovative scoring and reporting software allows a clinician to create and share custom comparison groups as well as to set user-designated parameters for reporting item-level information on additional scales and for lowering cutoffs on critical responses.
  • Nationally representative normative sample. Drawn from the MMPI-A normative sample, the MMPI-A-RF norms consists of 1,610 adolescents (805 boys; 805 girls) ages 14 to 18 years of age from several regions of the U.S., a balanced sample for region, rural-urban residence, and ethnicity.
  • Only 30-45 minutes to administer.  Save even more time with computer administration, which takes only 25 to 30 minutes.

Comparison Groups

The following gender-specific comparison groups are available in the Score and Interpretive Reports.

  • MMPI-A-RF Normative (boys) (girls)
  • Psychiatric Outpatient, National (boys) (girls)
  • Psychiatric Inpatient, National (boys) (girls)
  • Acute Psychiatric Inpatient, Midwest (boys) (girls)
  • Psychiatric Residential Treatment, Midwest (boys) (girls)
  • Forensic Predisposition, Mid-Atlantic (boys) (girls)
  • Forensic Correctional, National (boys) (girls)
  • Forensic Detention, Midwest (boys)
  • Medical Setting, National (boys) (girls)
  • School Setting, National (boys) (girls)

Scales

Validity
CNS – Cannot Say (reported as a raw score only, not plotted)
VRIN-r – Variable Response Inconsistency
TRIN-r – True Response Inconsistency
CRIN – Combined Response Inconsistency
F-r – Infrequent Responses
L-r – Uncommon Virtues
K-r – Adjustment Validity

Higher-Order (H-O) and Restructured Clinical (RC)
Higher-Order (H-O)
EID – Emotional/Internalizing Dysfunction
THD – Thought Dysfunction
BXD – Behavioral/Externalizing Dysfunction

Restructured Clinical (RC) 
RCd – Demoralization
RC1 – Somatic Complaints
RC2 – Low Positive Emotions
RC3 – Cynicism
RC4 – Antisocial Behavior
RC6 – Ideas of Persecution
RC7 – Dysfunctional Negative Emotions
RC8 – Aberrant Experiences
RC9 – Hypomanic Activation

Somatic/Cognitive and Internalizing
Somatic/Cognitive
MLS – Malaise
GIC – Gastrointestinal Complaints
HPC – Head Pain Complaints
NUC – Neurological Complaints
COG – Cognitive Complaints

Internalizing 

HLP – Helplessness/Hopelessness
SFD – Self-Doubt
NFC – Inefficacy
OCS – Obsessions/Compulsions
STW – Stress/Worry
AXY – Anxiety
ANP – Anger Proneness
BRF – Behavior-Restricting Fears
SPF –  Specific Fears

Externalizing and Interpersonal
Externalizing
NSA – Negative School Attitudes
ASA – Antisocial Attitudes
CNP – Conduct Problems
SUB – Substance Abuse
NPI – Negative Peer Influence
AGG – Aggression

Interpersonal 
FML – Family Problems
IPP – Interpersonal Passivity
SAV – Social Avoidance
SHY – Shyness
DSF – Disaffiliativeness

Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5)
AGGR-r – Aggressiveness-Revised
PSYC-r – Psychoticism-Revised
DISC-r – Disconstraint-Revised
NEGE-r – Negative Emotionality/Neuroticism-Revised
INTR-r – Introversion/Low Positive Emotionality-Revised

Psychometric Information

The MMPI-A-RF normative sample is drawn from the MMPI-A normative sample. It consists of 1,610 adolescents (805 boys; 805 girls) ages 14 to 18  from several regions of the U.S., a balanced sample for region, rural-urban residence, and ethnicity.

The Score and Interpretive Reports provide raw and scores for all 48 empirically validated scales of the MMPI-A-RF. Comparative means and standard deviations from one of 10 different standard settings, or a custom comparison group, can optionally be reported.

Score Report

  • Six validity scales offer reliable measures of random responding, fixed responding, over-reporting, and under-reporting—enabling clinicians to comprehensively assess protocol validity.
  • Higher-Order Scales assess the three over-arching dimensions of psychopathology: Emotional Internalizing Dysfunction (EID), Thought Dysfunction (THD), and Behavioral/Externalizing Dysfunction (BXD).
  • Somatic/Cognitive and Internalizing Scales include measures of self-reported poor health and specific somatic and cognitive complaints as well as measures of emotional dysfunction.
  • Externalizing, Interpersonal, and Interest Scales provide measures of behavioral dysfunction; measures of specific types of interpersonal dysfunction; and measures of two types of general interests.
  • Updated from the MMPI-A, Harkness and McNulty’s PSY-5 Scales provide a temperament-oriented perspective on major dimensions of personality pathology.

Sample Reports

Interpretive Report

In addition to full scoring information, the Interpretive Report contains the following narrative sections:

  • Comprehensive information about potential threats to test validity
  • Substantive Scale Interpretation—Description of clinical symptoms, personality characteristics, and behavioral tendencies
  • Diagnostic Considerations—Any diagnostic possibilities indicated by test results
  • Treatment Considerations—Recommendations pertaining to treatment planning
  • Item-Level Information—List of unscorable responses, critical responses, and user-designated item-level information (if selected)
  • Endnotes—Identification of scores that triggered each statement

Sample Reports

Scoring and Reporting Options

Q-global™ Web-based Administration, Scoring, and Reporting  – Enables you to quickly assess and efficiently organize examinee information, generate scores, and produce accurate comprehensive reports all via the Web.

Q Local™ Scoring and Reporting Desktop Software – Enables you to score assessments, report results, and store and export data on your computer.

Mail-in Scoring Service – Specially designed answer sheets are mailed to Pearson and are processed within 24–48 hours of receipt; results returned via regular mail.

Manual Scoring – Administer assessments on answer sheets and score them yourself with answer keys and profile/record forms.

Upcoming Webinars

  • MMPI-A-RF: Basic Overview

    Presenter: Robert P. Archer, PhD, ABPP

    This webinar presentation provides a brief overview of the rationale for and methods used to develop the MMPI-A-RF, and the various materials available to score and interpret the test. The MMPI-A-RF features 48 empirically validated scales and takes only 25-30 minutes to administer. The test is designed to aid clinicians in identifying a broad array of mental disorders among adolescents in clinical, educational, forensic, and medical settings. The MMPI-A-RF is also designed to measure treatment progress when administered across varying points in the treatment process.

    Date: Nov 13, 2018  Time: 12:00 PM EST  Register Now
  • MMPI-A-RF: Basic Overview

    Presenter: Richard W. Handel, PhD

    This webinar presentation provides a brief overview of the rationale for and methods used to develop the MMPI-A-RF, and the various materials available to score and interpret the test. The MMPI-A-RF features 48 empirically validated scales and takes only 25-30 minutes to administer. The test is designed to aid clinicians in identifying a broad array of mental disorders among adolescents in clinical, educational, forensic, and medical settings. The MMPI-A-RF is also designed to measure treatment progress when administered across varying points in the treatment process.

    Date: Aug 14, 2018  Time: 11:00 AM EDT  Register Now

Pre-recorded Webinars

  • MMPI-A-RF: Basic Overview

    Presenter: Richard W. Handel, PhD

    This webinar presentation provides a brief overview of the rationale for and methods used to develop the MMPI-A-RF, and the various materials available to score and interpret the test. The MMPI-A-RF features 48 empirically validated scales and takes only 25-45 minutes to administer. The test is designed to aid clinicians in identifying a broad array of mental disorders among adolescents in clinical, educational, forensic, and medical settings. The MMPI-A-RF is also designed to measure treatment progress when administered across varying points in the treatment process.

    Date: Apr 20, 2017

    pdf PDF: MMPI-A-RF: Basic Overview

  • MMPI-A-RF: Basic Overview

    Presenter: Robert P. Archer, PhD

    This webinar presentation provides a brief overview of the rationale for and methods used to develop the MMPI-A-RF, and the various materials available to score and interpret the test. The MMPI-A-RF features 48 empirically validated scales and takes only 25-45 minutes to administer. The test is designed to aid clinicians in identifying a broad array of mental disorders among adolescents in clinical, educational, forensic, and medical settings. The MMPI-A-RF is also designed to measure treatment progress when administered across varying points in the treatment process.

    Date: Oct 18, 2016

    pdf PDF: MMPI-A-RF: Basic Overview

Questions

Frequently asked questions follow. Click on a question to see the response.

Invalid Report and Demographic Defaults

  • What demographic information is required to generate an MMPI-A-RF software-based report?
  • My MMPI-A-RF Score Report is invalid, but it doesn’t say that on the report. Why not?
  • How does the MMPI-A-RF Interpretive Report deal with invalid protocols?
  • The MMPI-A Interpretive Report indicates that a protocol is valid and interpretable, but the MMPI-A-RF Interpretive Report indicates that the same protocol is invalid. Which version of the test and report should I rely upon?
  • Why can’t I get an MMPI-A-RF report for an 11-year-old?

Norms and Scales

  • Are the MMPI-A-RF norms different from the MMPI-A norms?
  • Are MMPI-A-RF norms available for different cultures?
  • Are all MMPI-A-RF scales copyrighted?
  • Does the MMPI-A-RF include adolescent-specific scales?

Restructured Clinical (RC) Scales

  • Are the MMPI-A-RF RC Scales the same as the MMPI-2-RF RC Scales?
  • Do the RC Scales overlap?
  • What are the intercorrelations of the MMPI-A-RF scales?
  • What are the reliabilities of the MMPI-A-RF scales?
  • What are the recommended cut-offs for interpreting elevations on the MMPI-A-RF Substantive Scales?
  • How do the Clinical Scales on the MMPI-A and the RC Scales on the MMPI-A-RF differ in how they assess psychopathology?

Administration, Scoring, and Interpretation

  • Can I create my own comparison group?
  • Can the MMPI-A-RF Interpretive Report serve as a complete and independent psychological report on a client?
  • Can I exchange unused MMPI-A report usages for MMPI-A-RF usages?
  • Can I generate an MMPI-A report and an MMPI-A-RF report for the same test-taker?
  • Can I administer an “abbreviated” MMPI-A test (first 350 items only) and get an MMPI-A-RF report?
  • Does the MMPI-A-RF manual include tables converting MMPI-A item ordering to MMPI-A-RF item ordering and vice versa?
  • Where can I find additional information about the MMPI-A-RF Interpretive Report?
  • Where can I find information about the validity of the MMPI-A-RF instrument?
  • Are additional resources available to help me learn more about MMPI-A-RF scales and interpretation?