Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R®)

Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R®)

Key Information

Author:

Leonard R. Derogatis, PhD

Overview:

The Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) instrument helps evaluate a broad range of psychological problems and symptoms of psychopathology. The instrument is also useful in measuring patient progress or treatment outcomes.

Age Range:

Individuals 13 years and older

Administration:

Paper-and-pencil, CD, computer or online administration

Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R®)

Descriptions:

The Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) instrument helps evaluate a broad range of psychological problems and symptoms of psychopathology. The instrument is also useful in measuring patient progress or treatment outcomes.

The SCL-90-R instrument is used by clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and professionals in mental health, medical, and educational settings as well as for research purposes. It can be useful in:

  • Initial evaluation of patients at intake as an objective method for symptom assessment
  • Measuring patient progress during and after treatment to monitor change
  • Outcomes measurement for treatment programs and providers through aggregated patient information
  • Clinical trials to help measure the changes in symptoms such as depression and anxiety

Key Features

  • The SCL-90-R test contains only 90 items and can be complete in just 12-15 minutes.
  • The test helps measure 9 primary symptom dimensions and is designed to provide an overview of a patient’s symptoms and their intensity at a specific point in time.
  • The progress report graphically displays patient progress for up to 5 previous administrations.
  • By providing an index of symptom severity, the assessment helps facilitate treatment decisions and identify patients before problems become acute.
  • The Global Severity Index can be used as a summary of the test.
  • More than 1,000 studies have been conducted demonstrating the reliability, validity, and utility of the instrument.

 

Scales

Symptom Scales
SOM – Somatization
O-C – Obsessive-Compulsive
I-S – Interpersonal Sensitivity
DEP – Depression
ANX – Anxiety
HOS – Hostility
PHOB – Phobic Anxiety
PAR – Paranoid Ideation
PSY – Psychoticism

Global Indices
Global Severity Index (GSI): Designed to measure overall psychological distress.
Positive Symptom Distress Index (PSDI): Designed to measure the intensity of symptoms.
Positive Symptom Total (PST): Reports number of self-reported symptoms.

Psychometric Information

Adapted from the SCL-90-R test, the revised test is normed on 4 groups:

  • Adult psychiatric outpatients
  • Adult nonpatients
  • Adult psychiatric inpatients
  • Adolescent nonpatients

The interpretive report is based on age-appropriate nonpatient norm groups; adolescent norms are used for 13- to 17-year olds, and nonpatient adult norms are used for subjects over age 17.

Report Options

Profile Report 
This report can be useful for monitoring change. It presents a graphic profile of raw and normalized T scores for each of the 9 Primary Symptom Dimensions and the 3 Global Indices. For adults, T scores are profiled based on your choice of nonpatient, outpatient or inpatient norms. (The T scores for the remaining norm groups are printed below the profile.) For adolescents, T scores are reported using adolescent nonpatient norms.

View a sample Profile Report.

Interpretive Report 
In addition to providing a profile of scores, the interpretive report provides a narrative overview of the client’s symptoms at the global level and specific statements describing the individual symptom scale scores. The Pathognomonic Signs section of the report notes disorders that might be present given the pattern and intensity of symptom endorsement. A Symptoms of Note section lists all items to which the client responded “extremely” or “quite a bit.”

View a sample Interpretive Report.

Progress Report
This report can help monitor a client’s progress over time. It graphically displays scale-by-scale changes in a client’s scores for up to 5 previously reported administrations.

View a sample Progress Report.

Scoring and/or Reporting Options

Q-interactive™ – offers efficient, intuitive assessment experience utilizing tablet technology and user-centered design. Helps you conduct one-on-one, interactively administered assessments.

Q Local™ Scoring and Reporting Desktop Software – Enables you to score assessments, report results, and store and export data on your computer.

Mail-in Scoring Service – Specially designed answer sheets are mailed to us for processing within 24-48 hours of receipt and returned via regular mail.

Manual Scoring – Administer assessments on answer sheets and score them quickly yourself with an answer key.

Q-Global

This test is available on Q-global™ – Pearson’s new web-based platform for scoring and reporting. It’s accessible anytime, from any computer connected to the Internet. Secure and affordable, this system helps you quickly and automatically organize information, generate scores, and produce accurate, comprehensive reports.
Q-global also offers:

  • 24/7 secure, web-based access
  • Portability: Q-global can be used on mobile devices such as a laptop or tablet
  • On-demand, reliable scoring and comprehensive reporting solutions
  • Pricing on a per-report basis

Pre-recorded Webinars

  • SCL-90-R and BSI Tests: The Derogatis Checklist Series

    Presenter: Leonard R. Derogatis, PhD

    Learn how you can better serve your client’s needs and expand your practice with the use of the Derogatis Checklist Series. Dr. Derogatis, a global authority on symptom checklists and outcomes measurement and author of the SCL-90-R, BSI, and BSI 18 tests, will present a free webinar on the history, design, and application of these respected instruments. Quick and easy to administer, the Derogatis Checklist Series is widely used in a variety of settings, including clinical practice, medical settings, and clinical trials.

    Date: Nov 15, 2017

    pdf PDF: SCL-90-R and BSI Tests: The Derogatis Checklist Series

    link Video: SCL-90-R and BSI Tests: The Derogatis Checklist Series

  • SCL-90-R and BSI Tests: The Derogatis Checklist Series

    Presenter: Dr. Leonard R. Derogatis

    Learn how you can better serve your client’s needs and expand your practice with the use of the Derogatis Checklist Series. Dr. Derogatis, a global authority on symptom checklists and outcomes measurement and author of the SCL-90-R, BSI, and BSI 18 tests, will present a free webinar on the history, design, and application of these respected instruments. Quick and easy to administer, the Derogatis Checklist Series is widely used in a variety of settings, including clinical practice, medical settings, and clinical trials.

    Date: Oct 12, 2016

    pdf PDF: SCL-90-R and BSI Tests: The Derogatis Checklist Series

    link Video: SCL-90-R and BSI Tests: The Derogatis Checklist Series

  • SCL-90-R and BSI Tests: The Derogatis Checklist Series

    Presenter: Dr. Leonard R. Derogatis

    Learn how you can better serve your client’s needs and expand your practice with the use of the Derogatis Checklist Series. Dr. Derogatis, a global authority on symptom checklists and outcomes measurement and author of the SCL-90-R, BSI, and BSI 18 tests, will present a free webinar on the history, design, and application of these respected instruments. Quick and easy to administer, the Derogatis Checklist Series is widely used in a variety of settings, including clinical practice, medical settings, and clinical trials.

    Date: May 28, 2015

    pdf PDF: SCL-90-R and BSI Tests: The Derogatis Checklist Series

    swf Video: SCL-90-R and BSI Tests: The Derogatis Checklist Series

  • The Derogatis Checklist Series: SCL-90-R, BSI, and BSI 18

    Presenter: Leonard Derogatis

    Learn about how you can better serve your client’s needs and expand your practice with the use of the Derogatis Checklist Series. Dr. Derogatis, a global authority on symptom checklists and outcomes measurement and author of the SCL-90-R®, BSI®, and BSI 18 tests, will present a free webinar on the history, design, and application of these respected instruments. Quick and easy to administer, the Derogatis Checklist Series is widely used in a variety of settings, including clinical practice, medical settings, and clinical trials.

    Date: May 11, 2011

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Questions

Frequently asked questions follow. Click on a question to see the response.

  • Do any of the SCL-90-R reports contain all of the normative groups?

  • Is the SCL-90-R available in other languages?

  • What is the difference between the SCL-90-R assessment and the original SCL-90 assessment?